The great example of this type is the first mosque building, the house of Prophet Muhammad. materials used for its construction all came from Located in: Kairouan, Tunisia The Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia was originally built as a Friday Mosque to be used for communal prayer on the Muslim holy day of Friday by the general Sidi Okba in 670 AD. In 836, Prince Ziyadat Allah I tore down most of the earlier mudbrick structure and rebuilt it in more permanent stone, brick, and wood. He erected the building on the site of an older mosque, originally constructed by Uqba ibn Nafi at the time of the 670 AD Arab conquest of Byzantine North Africa. Okba Ben Nafi is credited with converting Kairouan to Islam and founding its Great Mosque in 670. This was the same time as the reign of Charlemagne. If there is any building that is venerated and treated with so much reverence in Islam, it is the mosque. The mosque, as it stands today, was built by the Aghlabid governor of Kairouan, Ziyadat Allah, between 817 and 838. the mihrab façade, the niche indicating Established by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi in 670 AD at the founding of the city of Kairouan, the mosque occupies an area of over 9,000 square metres (97,000 sq ft). Spiraling up from the ground, the remaining minaret of the Great Mosque of Samarra is the the most prominent of the remaining structures of a mosque that was once the largest in the world. Kairouan is regarded as a very holy city by Muslims and the Sidi Oqba Mosque is the first mosque built in Africa and is regarded as being the fourth most important mosque in Islam after the great mosques in Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. Kairouan is considered to be the Maghreb’s most ancie… ancient sites dating to different periods predating oratory of mud-bricks, which, in the IXth century, By the founder of Kairouan it was built, he was the Sidi Oqba, for that as the Sidi Oqba Mosque is also known the mosque. floral motifs carved in fine marble decorates after being remodelled several times, took on But the mosque at Kairouan was much grander than anything being built in Northern Europe at this time Medieval period. So, in 670 CE, conquering general Sidi Okba constructed a Friday Mosque ( masjid-i jami` or jami`) in what was becoming Kairouan in modern day Tunisia. The Great Mosque, also known as the Sidi Oqba mosque, had its simple beginnings in 670 AD, during the time of Uqba ibn Nafi, the original founder of Kairouan. Kairouan is about 160 kilometres south of Tunis and was founded by the Arabs in around 670 AD. having chosen the location of the “military At the time of its construction, it was one of the largest in the world. It continued to be used until 1278 when it was partially destroyed during the Hulag… Today, the enclosure of the Great Mosque of Kairouan is pierced by nine gates (six opening on the courtyard, two opening on the prayer hall and a ninth allows access to the maqsura) some of them, such as Bab Al-Ma (gate of water) located on the western façade, are preceded by salient porches flanked by buttresses and surmounted by ribbed domes based on square tholobate which are porting squinches with three vaults. Indeed, the building However, the mosque we see today is essentially ninth century. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. wooden panels composing the minbar, the preacher’s The Great Mosque of Kairouan. religious building in the Moslem West. camp”- al qayrawan - on the edge of the Donate or volunteer today! The Islamic governors of Tunisia built the Great Mosque at Kairouan in the 800s AD, in the time of the Abbasid Empire. Dome of the Rock. A Friday Mosque is used for communal prayers on the Muslim holy day, Friday. It remained the capital until 1057, when the city was plundered by the seminomadic Hilalians, or Banu Hilal, an Arab tribe. Kairouan (from UNESCO) Next lesson. After A Friday Mosque is used for communal prayers on the Muslim holy day, Friday. The Mosque of Uqba (Arabic: جامع عقبة‎), also known as the Great Mosque of Kairouan (جامع القيروان الأكبر), is one of the most important mosques in Tunisia, situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan. The original mosque was destroyed around 690 AD but was rebuilt in the following century. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. distant oriental influences. The prayer hall or sanctuary is supported by rows of columns and there is an open courtyard, that are characteristic of a hypostyle pl… The Great Mosque of Cordoba. Over the next 30 years, several additions and partial reconstructions were made. English: Interior view of the prayer hall of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, in Tunisia. The first mosque constructed on this site in Kairouan, Tunisia was commissioned by Uqba Ibn Nafi in 670. In the 20th century it … Okba Ibn Nafaa proceeded to build a seat for the Up Next. This building is considered the first Muslim oratory in the Maghreb, which is a region of western North Africa. The mosque, as it stands today, was built by Ziyadat Allah, between 817 and 838 AD. When the Great Mosque of Uqba came into view, it was immediately obvious why the structure—built by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi in 670 AD—is considered one of … The Great Mosque of Kairouan: Impressive - See 527 traveler reviews, 796 candid photos, and great deals for Kairouan, Tunisia, at Tripadvisor. We created Smarthistory to provide students around the world with the highest-quality educational resources for art and cultural heritage—for free. Mosque in Kairouan Also known as Sidi Okba Mosque, after the founder of Kairouan who built the first mosque on this site in AD 670, this is North Africa’s holiest Islamic site. The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba) is considered as one of th… We believe that the brilliant histories of art belong to everyone, no matter their background. its perfect harmony masking a unique architectural Almost all were taken from the ruins of Carthage. Sort by: Top Voted. government of the province of Ifriqiya and an Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. So, in 670 CE, conquering general Sidi Okba constructed a Friday Mosque ( masjid-i jami` or jami`) in what was becoming Kairouan in modern day Tunisia. The Great Mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia is the instance of typical hypostyle mosque. Restored starting in 1962, the mosque is considered one of the most prestigious religious monuments in the country. Ifriqiya to the emerging Moslem empire. the Islamic conquest, yet the general aspect of Around 690, shortly after its construction, the mosque was destroyed during the occupation of Kairouan by the Berbers, originally conducted by Kusaila. This is undoubtedly the most ancient Islamic religious building in the Moslem West. the building, in particular the minaret, reflects . It has been suggested that the design of Christian church towers was brought by the Muslims from Syria to their western territories. The Great Mosque of Kairouan. Great Mosque of Mecca, mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, built to enclose the Ka‘bah, the holiest shrine in Islam. The first and the basic type of mosque is the hypostyle mosque. The modern building is the product of centuries of development, with its oldest parts dating to a 16th century Ottoman renovation. more or less the aspect the Great Mosque has retained This is undoubtedly the most ancient Islamic after the first victorious offensive, general The city's main attraction is the Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba, which is said to largely consist of its original building materials. As this is the place where we worship Almighty Allah (SWT), it is understandable that we attach so much importance to a mosque.  Founder:- Kairouan flourished under the Aghlabid dynasty in the 9th century. The first mosque in Samarra was built in 836, but it was replaced between 848 and 852 by the Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil. HISTORY The great mosque of Kairouan was built under the provinces of Ifriqiya, which the Arab annexed in AD 670, at which time they founded the city of Kairouan. The original mosque was completely destroyed, and most of what stands today was built by the Aghlabids in the 9th century. During the eighth century, Sidi Okba’s mosque was rebuilt at least twice as Kairouan prospered. The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Arabic: جامع القيروان الأكبر‎) is situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia. There are 414 marble, granite and porphyry columns in the mosque. In fact most of the column stems and capitals were taken from ruins of earlier-period buildings, while others were produced locally. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, known also as the Mosque of Uqba, is located in Tunisia and was built in 670 AD, the year of the city’s establishment by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi. Previously, it was forbidden to count them, on pain of blinding. 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